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1 (27-11) ( - ) ( 57-47) Sesamia nonagrioides Lefèbvre Sesamia cretica Lederer * Sesamia nonagrioides Sesamia cretica Telenomus busseolae ( ).. S. cretica.. 0/141 0/158 0/226 0/221. 0/183 0/182 0/181 S. nonagrioide 0/243. 0/143 0/136. 0/ /78 10/31 11/93 S. cretica. 10/24 10/18 11/96 11/35 11/91 10/44 S. nonagrioides ). 11/12 12/19 10/40.( S. nonagrioides S. cretica : : * (94/12/2) - (94/6/21) ۴٧

2 ... :.(Ranjbar Aghdam, 1999) Sesamia S. nonagrioides Lefèbvre S. inferens Walker Sesamia cretica Lederer 3 S. cretica.(abbasipour Shoushtari, 1990) ( ) S. nonagrioides.(ranjbar Aghdam & Kamali, 2002)..(Daniali, 1984; Abbasipour Shoushtari, 1990; Ranjbar Aghdam, 1999) (Daniali, 1984) S. nonagrioides (Abbasipour Shoushtari, 1990). S. cretica (Ranjbar Aghdam, 1999). S. nonagrioides. S. nonagrioides S. cretica.(taherkhani & Moazen Rezamahaleh, 2012) 12 Daniali (1984) Sesamia Ranjbar Aghdam & Kamali (2005) Abbasipour Shoushtari (1990). Telenomus busseolae (Gahan).(Ranjbar Aghdam & Kamali, 2005). (Insect Rearing Management)..(Singh & Ashby, 1985).(Panizzi et al., 2004) Sesamia ۴٨

3 (57-47) S. cretica ( / /02 ) /81 ) S. nonagrioides ( / ( ) 24 50±10 27±1 ( ) 8.(Masoud et al., 2010) (Zea mays L.) 27±2 (Testo 175-H2, Germany).(Ranjbar Aghdam, 1999). - (Saccharum officinarum L.). 50±20 ( ) 30±2 ( ) (KSC-704).(Choukan et al., 2013; Parvizi Almani et al., 2015) CP (Tefera et al., 2010)..(Ranjbar Aghdam & Kamali, 2002; Masoud et al.,2010). ( ) 10..(Ranjbar Aghdam & Kamali, 2002) ۴٩

4 ... : - S. nonagrioides S. cretica (Sreng, 1984). (Sartorius) 0/ Anderson-Darling ( ) (One-way ANOVA). (. 5 (Tukey Range Test). Minitab ver S. cretica.(df t =2, df e =157, F=20.55, P=0.000) 99 11/93 (df t =2, df e =172, /31.F=34.26, P=0.000) S. nonagrioides.(1 ) 10/18 11/96 (df t =2, df e =186, F=29.30, P=0.000) 99 (df t =2, df e =181, F=46.17, P=0.000) 10/44. ۵٠

5 (57-47) /91.(2 ) 12/19 10/40 S. cretica ( / ) -1 Sex Table 1- Pupal period (male\female) of S. cretica reared on maize, sugaercane and artificial diet Diet n Min Pupal period (day) Max Mean ± SE ±0.18a Male ±0.16a ±0.21b ±0.14a Female ±0.13a ±0.23b Means of each sex with different letters are significantly different according to Tukey Range Test at α=5%. Sex S. nonagrioides ( / ) -2 Table 2- Pupal period (male\female) of S. nonagrioides reared on maize, sugaercane and artificial diet Diet n Min Pupal period (day) Max Mean ± SE ±0.12c Male ±0.11b ±0.16a ±0.14c Female ±0.10b ±0.14a Means of each sex with different letters are significantly different according to Tukey Range Test at α=5%. S. cretica (df t =3, df e =297, F=22.89, P=0.000) (df t =3, df e =257, F=4.20, P=0.006)...(3 ) ۵١

6 ... : S. nonagrioides (df t =3, df e =213, F=35.78, P=0.000) (df t =3, df e =276, F=45.37, P=0.000). 0/181. 0/136.(4 ) 0/176 0/243 S. cretica ( / ) -3 Table 3- Pupal weight (male\female)of S. cretica reared on maize, sugaercane and artificial diet in comparison with field population Pupal weight (g) Sex Diet n Min Max Mean ± SE ±0.004ab Male ±0.003ab 0.158±0.003a Wild ±0.005b ±0.006a Female ±0.003b 0.221±0.005a Wild ±0.005b Means of each sex with different letters are significantly different according to Tukey Range Test at α=5%. S.nonagrioides ( / ) -4 Table 4- Pupal weight (male\female) of S. nonagrioides reared on maize, sugaercane and artificial diet in comparison with field population Pupal weight (g) Sex Diet n Min Max Mean ± SE ±0.003a Male ±0.002b 0.136±0.003c Wild ±0.004bc ±0.008a Female ±0.003c 0.176±0.004d Wild ±0.005b Means of each sex with different letters are significantly different according to Tukey Range Test at α=5%. ۵٢

7 (57-47) (Junnikkala, 1980;.Halloway et al., 1991; Carroll & Quiring, 1993; Hamed & Nadeem, 2008; Ranjbar Aghdam et al., 2009).(Singh & Ashby, 1985). (Balasubramani & Swamiappan, 1994; Bansod.& Sarode, 2000).(Osman & Selman, 1996).(Singh & Ashby, 1985; Ranjbar Aghdam & Kamali, 2002; Sorour et al., 2011) (Junnikala, 1980)... S. cretica. ( ) 8/72 9/41. (Ranjbar Aghdam & Kamali, 2002) S. nonagrioides.(2 ). 11/78 11/57 S. nonagrioides (Ranjbar Aghdam & Kamali, 2002). ۵٣

8 ... :.. S. cretica..(3 ).. (Ranjbar Aghdam & 0/145 0/156 S. cretica. Kamali, 2002) (Ranjbar Aghdam 0/198 0/200.& Kamali, 2002).. S. cretica - 8/7 9/4 5. ( 11/93 11/96 ) 0/125 0/161 -.(El- Metwally et al., 1997) ( 0/158 0/221 ). S. nonagrioides.. 0/118 0/105 S. nonagrioides 0/150 0/145..(Ranjbar Aghdam & Kamali, 2002) S. cretica S. nonagrioides. ۵۴

9 (57-47) S. nonagrioides S. cretica ( ) References. Abbasi pour Shoushtari, H Bioecology of corn stem borer, Sesamia nonagrioides Lef. and its natural enemies in fields of Khuzestan, MSc. Thesis, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran, 169 pp. Balasubramani, V. and Swamiappan, M Development and feeding potential of the green lacewing Chrysoperla carnea Steph. (Neu.Chrysopidae) on different insect pests of cotton. Anzeiger für Schadlingskunde Pflanzenschutz Umweltschutz, 67: Bansod, R. S. and Sarode, S. V Influence of different prey species on biology of Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens). Shashpa, 7: Carroll, A. L. and Quiring, D. T Interactions between size and temperature influence fecundity and longevity of a tortricid moth, Zeiraphera Canadensis. Oecologia, 93: Choukan, R., Estakhr, A., Haddadi, H., Shiri, M. R., Anvari, K. and Afarinesh, A Comparison of yield of foreign maize hybrids with local cultivars. Seed and Plant Improvement Journal, 29(4): Daniali, M Investigation on using biological, cultural, and chemical controlling methods against sugarcane stem borers in Haft-Tapeh region, Khuzestan, MSc. Thesis, Shahid Chamran University, Ahwaz, 114 pp. El-Metwally, M. F., Khadr, G. D., Mourad, S. A., Mohamad, M. S. and Saleh, H. A Mass rearing of Sesamia cretica Led. larvae on an artificial medium diet. Egyptian Journal of agricultural research, 75(3): Halloway, G. J., Brakefield, P. M., Kofman, S. and Windig, J. J An artificial diet for butterflies, including Bicyclus species and its effect on development period, weight, and wing pattern. Journal of research on the Lepidoptera, 30(1-2): Hamed, M. and Nadeem, S Rearing of Helicoverpa armigera (Hub.) on artificial diets in laboratory. Pakistan Journal of Zoology, 40(6): Junnikkala, E Rearing Pieris brassicae (L.) on a phospholipid and vitamin-supplemented semi-artificial diet.annales zoologici Fennici, 17: Masoud, M. A., Saad, A. S. A., Mourad, A. K. K. and Ghorab, M. A. S Mass rearing of the pink corn borer, Sesamia cretica Led. larvae, on semi-artificial diets. Communications in Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences, 75(3): Osman, M. Z. and Selman, B. J Effect of larval diet on the performance of the predator Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae). Journal of Applied Entomology, 120: Panizzi, A. R., Oliveira, L. J. and Silva, J. J Survivorship, Larval Development and Pupal Weight of Anticarsia gemmatalis (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Feeding on Potential Leguminous Host Plants. Neotropical Entomology, 33(5): ۵۵

10 ... : ParviziAlmani, M., Hamdi, H. Taherkhani, K., Fouladvand, M., BaniAbbasi, N Commercial cultivars of the sugarcane, Iranian Society of Sugar Cane Technologists (IRSSCT), Accessed in: RanjbarAghdam, H Possibility of in vivo rearing of Platytelenomus hylas Nixon (Hym., Scelionidae) in order to biological control of the sugarcane stem borers, Sesamia spp., MSc. thesis, Shahid Chamran University, Ahwaz, 106 pp. RanjbarAghdam, H. and Kamali, K In vivo rearing of Sesamia cretica and Sesamia nonagrioides botanephaga. Journal of Entomological Society of Iran, 22: RanjbarAghdam, H. and Kamali, K Investigation on biology and efficiency of Platytelenomous hylas Nixon (Hym.: Scelionidae), the egg parasitoid of Sesamia spp. Under laboratory condition. The scientific journal of agriculture, 27(2): RanjbarAghdam, H., Fathipour, Y., Radjabi, Gh. and Rezapanah, M Temperaturedependent development and temperature thresholds of codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in Iran. Environmental Entomology, 38(3): Singh, P. and Ashby, M. D Insect rearing management, pp: In: Singh, P. and Moore, R. F. (eds.), Hand book of insect rearing. Elsevier science publishing company Inc, New York, U. S. A. Sorour, M. A. Khamiss, O., Abd El- Wahab, A. S., El- Sheikh, M. A. K. and Abul-Ela, S An economically modified semi-synthetic diet for mass rearing the Egyptian cotton leaf worm Spodoptera littolaris. Academic Journal of Entomology, 4(3): Sreng, I La pheromone sexuelle de Sesamia spp. Lepidoptera- Noctuidae. PhD, dissertation, Universite de Dijon, France. Taherkhani, K. and MoazenRezamahaleh, H stem borers and their managements, Iranian Training Institute (ISCRTI), Development Product Co, 27 pp. Tefera, T., Mugo, S., Tende, R. and Likhayo, P Mass rearing of stem borers, maize weevil, and larger grain borer, Insect pests of maize. CIMMYT: Nairobi, Kenya, 57 p ۵۶

11 (57-47) Journal of Entomological Research Volume 8, Issue 1, pages: Islamic Azad University, Arak Branch ISSN Study on the effect of natural and artificial diets on pupal stage of stem borers, Sesamia cretica Lederer and Sesamia nonagrioides Lefèbvre in comparison with wild population L. Sedighi 1*, H. Ranjbar Aghdam 2, S. Imani 3, M. Shojaei 3 1- PhD Student, Department of Agricultural Entomology, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran 2- Assistant Professor, Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran 3- Respectively Assistant Professor & Professor, Department of Agricultural Entomology, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran Abstract Considering damage of stem borers, Sesamia cretica and Sesamia nonagrioides in maize and sugarcane fields, specialists focused on application of biological control methods using specific egg parasitoid wasp, Telenomus busseolae and mass rearing of the mentioned stem borers as specific hosts of the egg parasitoids. In this research, the effect of natural and artificial diets on pupal weight and pupal period of the stem borers were studied in comparison with wild population collected from sugarcane fields. Results showed that male and female pupal weight was significantly affected by diet types at 1% probability level. Regarding male pupal weight of S. cretica, the highest values were g in artificial diet and the least pupal weight was 0.141g in wild population. The highest values of mean female pupal weight were and 0.226g on artificial diet and maize stems, respectively. The least values of mean pupal weight of S. cretica were and 0.183g in sugarcane stems and wild population, respectively. On the other hand, the highest weight of male pupae of S. nonagrioides was 0.181g in maize and the least weightswere and 0.143g in artificial diet and wild population, respectively. The highest of female pupae weight of this species was 0.243g in maize and the least weight was 0.176g in artificial diet. Pupal period of the studied species was also significantly affected by evaluated diets at 1% probability level. The values of pupal period for males of S. cretica were 11.93, 10.31, and days on artificial diet, maize and sugarcane, respectively. The values of pupal period for female individuals were 11.96, 10.18, and days on the same diets, respectively. The values of pupal period for males of S. nonagrioides were 10.44, 11.91, and days on artificial diet, maize and sugarcane, respectively. The values of pupal period for females of this species were 10.40, 12.19, and days on the mentioned diets, respectively.in brief, the artificial diet used in this study was more appropriate on S.cretica than S.nonagriordes. Keywords: Stem borers, diet, artificial diet, insect rearing * Corresponding Author, Received: 12 Sep Accepted: 21 Feb ۵٧

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