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1 ( - ) (10-1) * Cicadatra alhageos (Kolenati, 1857) Chloropsalta smaragdula Haupt, 1920) Cicadidae (Chloropsalta ochreata (Melichar, 1920)... M 1+2 M CuA 1. Chloropsalta smaragdula Cicadatra alhageos Chloropsalta ochreata :..(Behdad, 2002).(Babaii, 1920) Cicadoidea Auchenorrhyncha Hemiptera Chloropsalta ochreata (Melichar) Cicadidae. Ch. ochreata.(esmaili, et al. 1993, Esmaili, 1983) : * (91/6/2) - (90/9/13) ١

2 ... :.(Babaii, 1920) Cicadatra alhageos (Behdad, 2002; Nast, 1972) Ch. ochreata.(mozaffarian & Sanborn, 2010) C. alhageos : Ch. ochreata (Metcalf 1963; Duffles & van der Laan 1985) Ch. smaragdula.( ).(Aghagoli et al., 2010) (Adams, 1999) Manimegalai et al., ) Culex quinquefasciatus Say, 1823.(Bookstein, 1989) Scythris obscurella (Scopoli, 1763) (2009 (Roggero & passerin, 2005) (Alipanah et al., 2004) (Mozaffarian et al., 2007a, b, c) (Tavanpour et al., 2010; (Kekecogl et al., 2007) Aghagoli et al., 2010). Tavanpour et al., ).(2010; Valizadeh & Farazmand, 2009; Zamanian et al., 2008; Shekarian & Rezwani, Choloropsalta smaragdula Cicadatra alhageos.(aghagoli, 2010) Choloropsalta smaragdula Cicadatra alhageos (Kolenati).. Chloropsalta ochreata. ٢

3 (10-1) Cicadatra alhageos Chloropsalta 10 Choloropsalta smaragdula. 2 ochreata ( ) (2 )..(Gumiel et al, 2003).(Pavlinov, 2001) tpsutil. 24 tpsdig. tps. (1 1 ) (Moulds, 2005 ) -1 Table 1- Description of landmarks on forewing (Nomenclature of wing venation is burrowed from Moulds, 2005) Landmark Description Junction of Cup+1A vein with the basal cell Junction of CuA vein with the basal cell Junction of M vein with the basal cell Junction of R+SC vein with the basal cell Branching point of M vein Junction of M 1+2 vein with the radial cell Junction of RP vein with the radial cell RA vein branching point Junction of RA 2 vein with the cross vein Juncion of RP vein with the cross vein Junction of RP vein and r-m cross vein Junction of M 1 vein and r-m cross vein Landmark Description Branching point of M 1+2 vein Junction of M 2 vein with m cross vein Junction of CuA 1 vein with m-cu cross vein Branching point of CuA 2 and ambient veins Junction of RA 2 and the ambient vein Junction of RP and the ambient vein Junction of M 1 and the ambient vein Junction of M 2 and the ambient vein Junction of M 3 and the ambient vein Junction of M 4 and the ambient vein Junction of CuA 1 and the ambient vein Junction of CuA 2 and the ambient vein ( ) Choloropsalta smaragdula -1 Fig. 1- Positions of landmarks on the front wing of Choloropsalta smaragdula (See table 1 for the position of the description of the landmarks) tpsrelw (Partial warp W matrix) (PCA) Partial warp tpsrelw ver (Rohlf, 2008).. Past 1.9 (Hammer & Harper, 2001) ٣

4 ... : b - a - d - c - f - e - Choloropsalta smaragdula ( - Cicadatra alhageos ( - -2 Chloropsalta ochreata ( Fig. 2 Appearance and male aedeagus in three species of a-b) Cicadatra alhageos, c-d) Choloropsalta smaragdula, e-f) Chloropsalta ochreata ٤

5 (10-1) PCA PCA (3 ). PCA Ch. smaragdula Cicadatra alhageos Chloropsalta ochreata -3 Fig. 3- Distribution of the three species of Chloropsalta ochreata, Cicadatra alhageos and Choloropsalta smaragdula using PCA analysis a - b - c - d - Cicadatra alhageos - - : -4 Chloropsalta ochreata - Chloropsalta smaragdula - Fig. 4- Differences in the wing shape comparing with the consensus configuration: a- Consensus configuration, b- Changes in species Cicadatra alhageos, c- Changes in species Chloropsalta smaragdula, d- Changes in species Chloropsalta ochreata ٥

6 ... : Cicadatra. 4 1 (radial cell) alhageos Ch. smaragdula. 6 5 Ch. ochreata. 6 5 M Cicadatra alhageos.(5-c 4-d ) Chloropsalta.(5-a 4-b ) CuA 2 CuA 1 M 4 M 3 M 2 M 1 RP RA smaragdula 11 8 Ch. ochreata RP RA C. alhageos CuA 1 CuA 1 Ch.. 17 (5- a 4- b ) CuA smaragdula (5-b 4- c ) Ch. ochreata RA 2 Rp M 2 M 1.(4- d ) Cup+1A 24 Chloropsalta Cicadatra alhageos PCA. Chloropsalta ochreata smaragdula (3 ).. M CuA 1 CuA. m-cu CuA 1 CuA 1 CuA 1 C. alhageos. M.(5 ) ٦

7 (10-1) Ch. ochreata M Ch. smaragdula M The first part of M 1+2 M The second part of CuA 1 The first part of CuA 1 a - The first part of M 1+2 M The second part of CuA 1 b - The first part of CuA 1 The first part of M 1+2 M The second part of CuA 1 c - Chloropsalta ochreata ( Chloropsalta smaragdula ( Cicadatra alhageos ( -5 Fig. 5- Wing shape in species of a) Cicadatra alhageos b) Chloropsalta smaragdula c) Chloropsalta ochreata (Mozaffarian & Sanborn, 2010,Tavanpour et al., The first part of CuA , Aghagoli et al, 2010, Valizadeh & Farazmand, 2009, Zamanian et al., 2008, Shekarian & Rezwani, Cicadatra alhageos Chloropsalta smaragdula (2001, Babaii, 1920.(Mozaffarian & Sanborn, 2010) Cicadidae... Klapperichicen viridissmus (Walker,1885) ٧

8 ... :.(Schedl, 2003) (Talhouk, 1959).. References Aghagoli, M. N Investigation on the morphological variation of populations of Cicadatra alhageos (Kolenati, 1857) on wheat fields and vinyards using geometric morphometric method. M.Sc. thesis. Azad arak university, Arak, 90pp. Aghagoli, M. N., Mozaffarian, F. and Vafaei, R Investigation on the morphological variation of populations of Cicadatra alhageos (Kolenati, 1857) on wheat fields and vinyards using geometric morphometric method, Proceedings of the 19 th Iranian Plant Protectin Congress. Tehran, Iran, P Adams, D. C Ecological Character Displacement in Plethodon and Methods for Shape Analysis of Articulated Structures. unpublished Ph. D. dissertation, Ecology and evolution, Stony Brook. New York, State University of New York, 150 pp. Alipanah, H. Rezapanah, M. R. and Sari, A. R Study of the Morphometric variations of codling moth (Cydia pomonella L.) in some parts of Iran. Presented at 16 th Iranian Plant Protection Congress. Aug. 28- Sept. 1, 2004, Tabriz University. Tabriz, Iran, p. 99. Babaii, H Grapvine cicada (Chloropsalta ochreata Melichar) no. 27, Pests and plant diseases, Agriculture and Natural Resources Research Organization, pp: Behdad, E Introductory Entomology and Important Pests in Iran. Yadbood Press, Isfahan, Iran, 824 pp. Bookstein, F. L Principal Warps: Thin - plate splines and the decomposition of deformations. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, 11: Duffels, J. P. and van der Laan, P. A Catalogue of the Cicadoidae (Homoptera, Auchenorhyncha) Dr. W. Junk Publishers, Series Entomologica 34, Dordrect, 414 pp. Esmaili, M Important pests of fruit trees. Markaz-e Nashr-e Sepehr [Sepehr Publishing Center], Tehran, 578 pp. Esmaili, M., Azmayesh Fard, P. and Mirkarimi, A. A Agricultural Entomology. Tehran University Press, 550 pp. Gumiel, M., Catala, S., Noireau F., Rojas, de Arias A., Garcia, A. and Dujardin, J. P Wing geometry in Triatoma infestans (Klug) and T. melanosoma Martinez, Olmedo & Carcavallo (Hemiptera: Reduviidae). Systematic Entomology, 28: Hammer Ř., Harper D. A. T. and Ryan, P. D Past, version 1.91, Paleontological Statistics Software pakage for education and Data Analysis Palantologia Electronica. 4(1): 9pp. Kekeçoğl, M., Bouga, M., Soysal, M. İ. and Harizanis, P Morphometrics as a Tool for the Study of Genetic Variability of Honey Bees. Journal of Tekirdag Agricultural Faculty, 4: Manimegalai, K., Arunachalam M. and Udayakumari R Morphometric geometric study of wing shape in Culex quinquefasciatus Say (Diptera: Culicidae) from Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 1(5): Metcalf, Z. P General catalogue of the Homoptera, Fascicle VIII. Cicadoidea. Part1. Cicadidae. Section I. Tibiceninae. North Carolina State College Contribution, 1502: i-vii, Moulds, M. S An apprasial of the higher classification of cicads (Hemiptera: Cicadoidea) with special reference to the australian fauna. Records of the Australian Museum, 57: ٨

9 (10-1) Mozaffarian, F., Sarafrazi, A. and Nouri Ganbalani, G. 2007a. Host plant - associated population variation in the carob moth Ectomyelois ceratoniae in Iran: A geometric morphometric analysis suggests a nutritional basis. Journal of Insect science, 7: Mozafarian, F., Sarafrazi, A. and Nouri Ganbalani, G. 2007b. Sexual dimorphism in the wing shape size of the carob moth, Ectomyelis ceratoniae (Lepidoptera; Pyralidae). Journal of Entomological Society of Iran, 26: Mozafarian, F., Sarafrazi, A. and Nouri Ganbalani, G. 2007c. Morphological variation among Iranian populations of the carob moth, Ectomyelis ceratonae (Zeller,1839) (Lepidoptera; Pyralidae). Zoology in the Middle East, 41: Mozaffarian, F. and Sanborn, A. F The cicadas of Iran with description of two new species (Hemiptera; cicadidae), WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, 57 (1): Nast J Palaearctic Auchenorrhyncha(Homoptera) an annotated check list, Polish Scientific Publishers, 1972 Juvenile Nonfiction, 549 pp. Pavlinov, I. Y Geometric morphometrics, a new analytical approach to comparision of digitized images, in: Information Technology in Biodiversity Resarch. Abstracts of the 2nd. International Symposium, St. Petersburg, Roggero, A. and Passerin, P. d' Entreves Geometric morphometric analysis of wing variation Between two populations of the Scythris obscurella Species_ Group: Geographic or intersepecific Differences? (Lepidoptera: Scythrididae). Shilap Revista de Lepidopterologia, junio ano/vol. 33, Numera 130. Sociedad Hispano_Luso_Americana de Lepidopterologia. Madrid, Espana, pp Rohlf, F. J tpsrelw Version 1.46, Ecology & Evolutionary. Suny at Stonny Brook. Available in Schedl, W Zur Morphologie, Taxonomie und Verbreitung west palaearktischer Klapperrichicen-Arten (Hemiptera, Cicadoidae: Tibicinidae). Linzer Biologische Beitrage, 35: Shekarian, B. and Rezwani A., An investigation on the biocology of Psalmocharias alhageos (Kol.) (Hom: Cicadidae) in Lorestan province of Iran. Applied Entomology and Phytopathology, 69: 25-26, Talhouk, A. S The grapevine cicada Chloropsalta viridissima (Walker) (Homoptera: Cicadidae). Proceeding of the International Congress of Crop Protection, Hamburg, 1: Tavanpour, T. Mozaffarian, F. and Sarafrazi, A Geometric morphometric studies in color morphs of Cicadatra alhageos (Kolenati 1857) populations in Iran. IXth European Congress of Entomology (ECE 2010). at Corvinus University of Budapest, Pp: Valizadeh, H. and Farazmand, H Study on the efficacy of different control methods of vine cicada, Psalmocharias alhageos (Hem., Cicadidae) in Qom province. Jurnal of Entomological Research, 3: Zamanian, H., Mehdipour, M. and Ghaemi, N The Study and Analysis of the Mating Behavior and Sound Production of Male Cicada Psalmocharias alhageos (Kol.) (Homoptera:Cicadidae) to Make Disruption in Mating. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 1;11(17): ٩

10 ... : Journal of Entomological Research Volume 5, Issue 1, pages: 1-10 Islamic Azad University, Arak Branch ISSN Using wing geometric morphometric in identification of three species of grape cicads (Hem., Cicadidae) in Iran Abstract N. Aghagoli Marzijarani 1 *, F. Mozaffarian 2, R. Vafaei Shoushtari 3 1- Graduated student, Department of Entomology, Islamic Azad university, Arak Branch, Iran 2- Assistant Professor, Department of Insect Taxonomy, Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Tehran, Iran 3- Assistant Professor, Department of Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture, Islamic Azad university, Arak Branch, Iran Grape cicada Cicadatra alhageos (Kolenati, 1857) is known as one of the important pests in Iran. Two other species of cicadas, Chloropsalta ochreata (Melichar, 1920) and Chloropsalta smaragdula Haupt, 1920 have also been reported on Grape in Iran which both resembles very similar to C. alhageos and diagnosing them is only possible by comparing their male genitalia. In this study, the morphometric variation among the three species was investigated base on their wing shapes. The analyses showed that the length ratio of two portions of veins CuA 1 and M 1+2 were the most important characters for distinguishing the three species in the field. Keywords: Grape cicada, Chloropsalta ochreata, Cicadatra alhageos, Chloropsalta smaragdula, Geometric morphometrics * Corresponding Author, Received:3 Dec Accepted: 23 Aug ١٠

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